The History of Craps : 6 Key Facts


fcscycling.com – Craps is a popular casino dice game that has been entertaining gamblers for centuries. The game is known for its fast-paced action and thrilling atmosphere. In this article, we will explore the fascinating history of craps and uncover six key facts that you may not have known about this beloved game.

Origins of Craps

The origins of craps can be traced back to the Crusades in the 12th century. It is believed that British soldiers who were stationed in the Middle East were introduced to a game called “Hazard.” This game was played with dice and involved betting on the outcome of the roll. When the soldiers returned to England, they brought the game with them, and it quickly gained popularity among the lower classes.

Evolution and Development of Craps

Craps continued to evolve over the centuries, with different variations emerging in different countries. In the 18th century, the game made its way to France, where it became known as “Crabes.” The French simplified the rules and introduced the concept of a “come-out roll,” which is still a fundamental part of the game today.

In the 19th century, craps made its way to the United States, thanks to the French-Creole aristocracy who settled in New Orleans. The game quickly spread up the Mississippi River and became a staple in riverboat casinos. It was during this time that the game was given its current name, “craps,” derived from the French word for “toad,” due to the players’ habit of crouching like toads when playing street craps.

Popularity of Craps in the United States

Craps gained immense popularity in the United States during the early 20th century. It became a favorite pastime for soldiers during World War II, who would often play the game to pass the time between battles. After the war, craps became a mainstay in Las Vegas casinos and played a significant role in establishing the city as the gambling capital of the world.

The game’s popularity continued to grow, and today, craps is one of the most iconic casino games in the United States. Its presence can be felt in every casino, both brick-and-mortar and online, attracting both seasoned gamblers and newcomers alike.

Interesting Facts about Craps

  1. The longest craps roll ever recorded: In 2009, a player named Patricia Demauro made headlines when she rolled the dice 154 times without rolling a seven. This remarkable feat took over four hours and set the record for the longest craps roll in history.
  2. The origins of the phrase “snake eyes”: In craps, rolling a two is known as “snake eyes.” This phrase originated from the snake-like appearance of the two dots on the dice.
  3. The superstitions surrounding the number seven: In craps, the number seven is considered both lucky and unlucky. It is lucky because it is the most common number rolled with two dice. However, it is also unlucky because rolling a seven on the come-out roll is an instant loss for the shooter.

Famous Craps Players and Moments in History

Over the years, there have been several famous craps players and moments that have left a lasting impact on the game.

  1. Frank Scoblete: Known as the “King of Craps,” Frank Scoblete is a renowned author and expert in the game of craps. His books and strategies have helped countless players improve their skills and increase their chances of winning.
  2. The “Arm”: In the 1980s, a craps player known only as “The Arm” made headlines for his incredible dice control. He was able to consistently roll the dice in a way that minimized the chance of rolling a seven, leading to impressive winning streaks.
  3. The Captain: The late Frank Irwin, also known as “The Captain,” is credited with popularizing a betting strategy known as the “5-Count.” This strategy focuses on minimizing losses and maximizing winning opportunities by carefully selecting which bets to make.


Craps is a game with a rich history and a devoted following. From its humble origins in the Middle East to its widespread popularity in the United States, craps has evolved and adapted over time. Whether you’re a seasoned player or a curious newcomer, the game of craps offers endless excitement and the potential for big wins. So next time you step into a casino, take a moment to appreciate the history behind this beloved dice game and try your luck at the craps table.